英语句型:高频场景句型分类总结“yobo体育官网下载”

作者:yobo体育官网下载发布时间:2022-08-13 00:51

本文摘要:英文句型一、形貌事物的关键句型1. It is … to 动词原形 “做某事的是……(的)”[It]+[be 动词+形容词]+[to 动词原形]=[其他]It是形式主语,后面的动词不定式是该句型真正的主语。It is good for you to read English in the morning.晨读对你有益处。

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英文句型一、形貌事物的关键句型1. It is … to 动词原形 “做某事的是……(的)”[It]+[be 动词+形容词]+[to 动词原形]=[其他]It是形式主语,后面的动词不定式是该句型真正的主语。It is good for you to read English in the morning.晨读对你有益处。2. It is …that/if /whether/wh-从句, 某事是……(的)[It]+[be 动词+形容词]+[if 从句]在此句型中it是形式主语,用来指代后面从句的内容。It is not surprising why an alcoholic died of liver cancer.一个嗜酒者死于肝癌并不令人惊讶。

3. It is kind of sb to 动词原形;It is hard for sb to 动词原形,某人做某事是……(的)如果这种句型中的形容词是用来形容人的品质,就要在形容词后面加上介词“of”;如果形容词是用来形容事物,则加上介词“for”。It is kind of you to help my little brother with his homework.你真好,资助我弟弟做家庭作业。

It is impossible for you to finish the work in the three days.你想三天就把这项事情做完是不行能的。4. It seems/appears…that从句, 某事看起来似乎……It appears to me that we need to call the police.我认为我们应该报警。

It appears as if it’s going to rain. / It looks like it’s going to rain.似乎要下雨了。5. It is a pity (that)从句,某事真是令人遗憾本句型中的it 是形式主语,真正的主语是后面由that引导的从句,其中that可以省略。It is a pity that you can’t come to the party.你不能来到场聚会,真是遗憾。

6. It is natural/strange that 从句,会……是很自然的/奇怪的此句型中it 是形式主语,用来表现后面从句的内容,中间应用that毗连。此外,从句中的动词也可用should+动词原形表现。It is strange that such a figure like him should live such a modest life.说来真怪,像他这样的人居然可以生活得如此简朴。

7. It is … that 从句,是……才……。此句型为典型的强调句型,that所引导的从句对前面的主语起到相识释说明的作用,同时也是对主语的强调,所以从句和主语有了相应的因果关系。It was because of team work that we were able to win the championship.因为团队的互助我们才气赢告捷利。

8. It was not until… that从句,“直到……才……。”此句型it was not until+某一时间点+that 从句,意为“直到……才……。”It was not until he got sick that he realized the value of health.直到他生病了,才体会到康健的重要性。9. …in order to 动词原形…/so as to…“为了……。

”此句型意为“为了……目的”,“想做……就得”。He is working part time in order to pay his way through college.为了完成学业,他半工半读。10. …too+ adj./adv. to v.“太……而不能”The situation is too difficult to explain.情况变得太庞大,我无法解释。

11. 主语+be used to+动词原形……“……被用来……。”A harmer is used to drive nails into the wall.锤子是用来将钉子打进墙里的。12. 主语+be said to 动词原形“……听说是……”此句型解释为“听说是……”,be thought to…意为“被认为……”;be reported to…意为“据报导……”;be estimated to…意为“据预计”Mr. Smith is said to be over 105.史女士先生听说已经凌驾一百零五岁了。

二、比力两者的关键句型13. 主语+动词……as 形容词/副词 as…“……和……一样”Understanding the philosophy is just as important as the action.相识原则和行动是一样重要的。14. 主语1+not 动词……as 形容词/副词 as+主语2 “A不象B那样……”I am not as interested in English as Tom.我不像汤姆那样对英语感兴趣。15. 主语+动词…as…as ever 像往常一样She was as beautiful as ever after so many years.过了那么多年,她漂亮如故。16. 主语+动词times as 形容词/副词as… “A是B的……倍”He earns twice as much as I do.他赚的钱是我的两倍。

The new route is four times as wide as the old one.新路是老路的四倍宽。17. The more…the… “越……就越……”The more haste, the less speed.欲速则不达。

The sooner, the better.越快越好/事不宜迟The more careful you are, the fewer mistakes you will make.你越审慎,就越不容易犯错。18. 主语+动词+ more and more(形容词……) “……越来越……”表现“变得”的动词有:become, get, go等,多数情况下可交换。It gets more and more difficult to understand what the math is talking about.越来越难明白数学在讲什么了。

Oil price are going higher and higher.油价越来越贵。19. 主语+ be 动词+ the +最高级+of all “是……之中最……”通常情况下省略最高级后的名词。The river is the most shortest among them.这条河流是它们之中最短的。

Safety is the most important of all.宁静是最重要的。20. 主语+be 动词+ most+形容词…… “很是……”Most 除了表现最高级外,也可用作副词来修饰后面的形容词,相当于very,表现“最、很是……”的意思,前面不加the ,而用a来替代。

另有其他用法,如Make the most of (充实使用)Most every evening(险些每晚)Most of all(特别是)That really was a most illuminating lecture! 这是一个很是有启发的演讲。It was a most beautiful sunset. / It was a very beautiful sunset.很是美的夕阳。21. 主语+be 动词+ the last(名词) to 动词原形/that从句 “最不行能……”The last 在此句型中表现“最不行能……”Last 另有一些习用法,如 the last straw(造玉成面瓦解的临界点);the last minute(最后一刻);the last word(定论)。

Washing the dog is the last thing that I want to do.给小狗洗澡是我最不想做的事。He would be the last person to tell a lie.他是最不行能说谎的人。22. The former / the latter “前者……后者……”I eat lots of fish and chicken, but I prefer the latter.我常吃鱼跟鸡肉,可是我比力喜欢鸡肉。

Out of the two suggestions, I prefer the latter.在这两项建议里,我偏向后者。23. … one thing,…another ……是一回事……又是一回事”用来强调两件事的差别,通常用于强调后者。

One man’s meat is another man’s poison.人有差别的喜好。To know is one thing; to teach is quite another.知道是一回事,教又是另一回事。To be confident is one thing; to win is another.有信心是一回事,可是赢得角逐又是一回事。

24. Some… and some / Some… and others… “一些……而另一些……”该句型只是分辨两者的差别,没有比力两者优劣的寄义。Some stories are interesting and others are corny.有些故事很有趣,有些故事很无聊。三、一句话用两个行动的关键句型25. It occurs to sb to 动词原形/that 从句 “某人突然想到某事”Occur to 表现“想到……”的意思。

It 是形式主语,that从句是句子真正的主语。表现“突然想到”另有其他的表达,如I have an idea. And idea occurred to me. 我有点子了。It suddenly occurred to me that I knew how to answer the question.我突然想到该如何回覆这个问题。

26. It takes 人+时间……+ to 动词原形 “完成某事需要……时间”在此句型中,it 作形式主语,通常用来表现to 后面所接的动词或动词短语,表现做某事会花费某人多长时间。Spend也有花费的意思,可用来指花费款项与时间,必须用人作主语,后面用动名词。句型:人+spend + money or time +动名词/ on 名词。

It will take about eleven hours to fly from Taipei to Los Angeles.从台北飞到洛杉矶约莫需要十一个小时。How long do you spend on your homework? 你花几多时间在你的家庭作业上?27. It takes/requires… to 动词原形…… “从事某事需要……(条件)”此句型中,takes/requires可接某人或条件(时间、款项等)It takes a lot of time to persuade my father.我花了很长的时间才说服了我的父亲。28. It cost(s) sb +款项+ to 动词原形 “化……款项做某事”Cost表现花费几多钱(价格),本句型要以It形式主语开头,表现某工具或事物花费某人几多钱。

另外,cost有一个特殊用法:Cost an arm and a leg用来比喻工具很贵。It cost me RMB700 to buy the ticket.我买这张票花了七百元。

29. ..see/watch/hear/feel…现在分词 “听到/看到/感受到……”强调的是该行动正在举行。We heard the birds chirping.我们听到了鸟儿们在唧唧叫。John saw his little brother climbing out of his crib.约翰看到他弟弟正从婴儿床爬出来。30. …interested in 名词/动名词 “对……感兴趣”I am so excited about my holiday.要放假了,我超兴奋。

We were deeply disappointed at the result.我们对效果感应很是失望。31. ……动词+现在分分词/已往分词…… “两个行动同时发生”在英语中,如果一个句子要使用两个动词,必须要用毗连词来毗连,但如果两个行动同时发生,且没有毗连词,那么第二个行动必须改为分词。另外有些分词的意义靠近于形容词。

To go naked 裸体的; to go unnoticed 没注意到的We sat listening to the sound of the waves.我们坐着聆听海浪的声音。32. …have +物+已往分词 “把……做完了”此句型中的have是使役动词,意为“把……(完成)”。Be sure to get the work done before three.务必在三点之前把事情做完。

Are you going to have your apartment painted?你计划要把你的公寓刷上油漆吗?33. …get +sth 现在分词/已往公词 “使某事……”He got his bag caught in the taxi door as it was closing.出租车的车门关上时,他的包被卡住了。34. …go +动名词… “去……”In summer, we often go swimming.夏天的时候我们常去游泳。I used to go camping by the brook when I was a kid.我小时候经常去溪边露营。

35. Cannot help +动名词… “不禁……”Whenever I see a sad movie, I cannot help crying.每次看悲剧影戏,我都忍不住会哭。36. Feel like +动名词…… “想要……”此句型,后接动名词,表现想要做的事,其后可接时间副词表现何时想做,或者其他补语表现想怎么做。

相当于“would like to +动词原形”。I feel like going to the U.K. for a visit next summer vacation.明年暑假我好想去一趟英国。

37. Worth +动名词…… “值得……”The Palace Museum is worth visiting.故宫值得观光。38. …be busy 动名词/with 名词…… “忙着做”She is busy writing out the invitations.她正忙着写邀请函。The kids are busy with their homework.孩子们正忙着写作业。

39. … be used to +动名词/名词 “习惯于……”主语+used to +动词原形 “表现已往经常……”I am used to hot weather in Taipei.我习惯台北炎热的天气。I don’t think I’ll be used to living in the country.我以为我无法适应乡下的生活。

四、语气转折的关键句型40. 主语+动词… more … than… “是……而不是…… ……胜过于……”You may find that reading has become more fun than work!你或许会发现阅读已经酿成兴趣的事了,而不是苦差事。41. 主语+动词+not so much+名词1+as +名词2 “与其说是……不如说是……”与句型“名词2+rather than+名词1”的意思相同。

He is not so much a writer as a scholar.与其说他是作家,倒不如说他是学者。He is not so much a genius as a diligent person.与其说他是个天才,倒不如说他是一个勤奋的人。42. …in other words… “换言之”Our friend, that is to say, our daughter’s friend, will meet us at the airport.我们的朋侪,也就是说我们女儿的朋侪,会在机场跟我们碰头。

43. Only to 动词…… “……竟然……”He worked hard only to fail to reach the Wimbledon Final this year.他这么努力,今年却未能打入温布尔顿决赛。44. To 动词原形… 主语+动词…… “老实说/简言之/不用说”To be honest, Anne, I prefer you in the pink dress.说实在的,安妮,我比力喜欢你穿粉红色的裙子。To do her justice, she is not as evil as you described.说句公正话,她并没有你形容得那么坏。

45. Generally speaking, 主语+动词 “一般而言”Historically speaking, the island is of great significance.就历史来说,这个岛意义特殊。46. Would rather 动词原形1 than 动词原形2 “宁愿……也不要……”He would rather fail than cheat on the exam.他宁肯考试不及格也不愿作弊。47. …could have 已往分词 “原本可以……但没有……”I waited ages for you, you could have said that you weren’t coming!我等你良久了,你本可以早说不来的!Be careful with that dog, it could have bitten me.小心那只狗,它可能会咬我。

48. … should (not) have 已往分词… “原来应该/不应……但没有……。”You should have voiced your objections at the meeting.你在开会时应该表达你的阻挡态度。

(然而你却没有)49. … needn’t have 已往分词…… “原本不必……可是却……”表现做了没有须要做的事。You need not have got up so early.你没有须要起得那么早。五、提出问题的关键句型50. Be 动词+主语…… “……吗?”以BE动词开头的一般疑问句,主要是询问主语的状态。

另外,is he/she for real (他/她是认真的吗?)则表现由于震惊或谬妄而向对方提出的疑句。Are you hungry?你饿了吗?Is that clear? 听清楚了吗?51. Did you +动词原形…… “……了吗?”询问已往发生什么事情,用Did引导的一般疑问句。

DO/DOSE引导的一般疑问句是询问现在的情况,后面也要用动词原形,第一人称与第二人称用DO,第三人称须用DOES.Do I make myself clear?搞清楚了吗?Did you see any monkeys in the zoo last week? 上星期你在动物园里看到猴子了吗?52. Have you +已往分词…… “你曾……吗?”表现询问已往到现在的时间里所完成或发生的事情。Have gone 表现去了某地,而且没回来。Have been to 表现履历,意为“去过某地”。

Have you been to Sun Moon Lake? 你去过日月潭吗? 表现你曾去过吗?Have you had your lunch? 你吃过午饭了吗? 表现你已经吃过了吗?53. Where be 动词+主语? “……在那里?”以where引导的疑问句用来询问所在场所,在类似的问答中,只管要简略回覆:in/on/at/to the +所在场所。Where is my metro card? 我的一卡通在哪?Where were you last night? 你昨天晚上在哪?54. How do you +动词……。(怎样……。

)How 是用于说明“状态或情况”另外how… like? 是询问态度,如How did you like the movie (你以为这部影戏怎么样?)How…find? 则询问发现某事的方法,如 how did you find the book?(你怎么发现这本书的?)How do you fix the broken flush toilet? 你要怎么修理坏掉的抽水马桶?How did you feel last night? 你昨晚感受怎么样?55. 疑问词+in the world be 动词+主语…… (到底……)这是强调句型How in the world did she know this? 她到底是怎么知道这件事的?Why on earth didn’t you tell me before? 你之前到底为什么不告诉我?56. 主语 wonder +wh- 从句 “想知道”这是间接疑问句的用法,翻译时句尾通常使用句号。I was wondering whether I could borrow your car. 我想知道能否借您的车一用。I wonder whether you could pass me the pepper. 你可以把胡椒粉递给我吗?I wonder when he knew the truth. 我想知道他是什么时候知道真相的。

57. What/ How about 名词/动名词…… “……如何?”How about eating out with me tonight? 今晚和我出去吃顿饭怎么样?What about playing badminton this afternoon? 今天下午去打羽毛球怎么样?58. What did you +动词 +for? “为了什么……”What did you buy this flashlight for? 你为什么买这个手电筒?What did he lie to me for? 他为什么要欺骗我?59. How come +主语+动词…… “为什么……”How come you missed the school bus? 你怎么会错过校车?60. Why not +动词原形…… “为什么不……”If you feel like a fish out of water, why not leave?如果你以为不自在的话,为什么不脱离呢?Why not give her a call if you miss her? 如果你想她,为什么不打电话给她呢? 六、强调语气的关键句型61. Please +动词原形(……) “请……”此句型为礼貌用语,表现很客套或委婉的请求。Mary, please take a seat.62. 动词原形…… “(请)这样做”此句型为祈使句,主语通常被省略,句子开头用动词原形。当想要增强语气时,句尾可以加上叹息号。

Relax ! 放轻松(本句强调“放轻松”这个行动。)63. Be… “应该这样做”此句型为祈使句,意为“要……”。

Be动词在这里表现“应当是”的意思。Be honest! 要老实。Be on time! 务必准时。

64. Do +动词原形…… “务必……”Do come. 务须要来。Do keep quiet. 务须要平静。65. Don’t/never +动词原形 “不要……”此句型表现建议、 要求、劝告对方不要做某事。

如果表现某事的状态,就要用BE+形容词;如果表现行动则直接接动词原形。Don’t be nervous! 没关系张!Don’t listen to him. He is a fraud. 不要听他的,他是骗子。66. Let…+动词原形… “让……”这个句型用在第一人称时,意思是“让我……”,用在第二或第三人称时,表现“允许某人做某事”、“叫某人……”、“让某事处于某种状态”Let me have a look. 让我看看。Let her go and forget about it. 让她走吧,不要再想了。

67. Don’t let… +动词原形… “别让……”Don’t let anyone enter the room. 不要让任何人进房间。68. Let’s+动词原形…… “我们……吧”Let’s ask John and Mary to come for dinner.我们找约翰和玛丽过来一起吃晚饭吧。

Let’s not argue anymore. 我们不要再争吵了。69. Would you be kind enough to… “请你……好吗?”Would you be kind enough to lower your voice? 请你小声一点好吗?70. Make/have/let +sb+动词原形…… “使某人做某事”Make/have/let 是使役动词,后面应接动词原形(其实是省略to的动词不定式),而且要注意“被要求做该行动的人”必须使用宾格。Let me know if you need help. 如果你需要帮助,请让我知道。

71. Get/want/ask +人/物+to 动词原形…… “要求某人/某物做某事”The lawyers urged the parents to take further legal action.状师劝这对怙恃接纳进一步的执法行为。I think I’d advise him to leave the company.我以为我会建议他脱离这家公司。72. Keep… from+动名词 “不让某人做某事”此句型中from为介词,后要用动名词形式。

The police tried to prevent him from leaving.警方试图阻止他脱离。The snow kept them from getting there by seven.这场雪让他们无法在七点前到达。

七、情绪表达的关键句型73. How +形容词/副词 +(主语+动词)! “何等的……”How tall Yao Ming is! 姚明真是高呀。How gracefully they danced! 他们的舞蹈跳得多优美呀!74. What a/an… 名词(主语+动词)! “真是……呀!”如果what后所接的名词为不行数名词,则不需加a/anWhat a lousy movie! 真是一部很糟糕的影戏!What a crazy move! 真是疯狂的举动!What heavy traffic! 何等拥挤的交通啊!75. Oh dear! +完整句子 “天啊!”Oh, dear! I failed in the English examination!76. Fancy+动名词…… “想不到!”They have nine daughters. Fancy that! 他们有九个女儿。

真不行思议。Fancy his coming so early! 想不到他竟然来得这么早!77. 主语+动词…much less… “更不用说……”本句型有两种用法:much less…和still less…的意思都是“更谈不上……”,“更不用说……”,用于否认句中,起到增强语气的作用。She cannot speak English, much less write it.她都不会讲英语,更不用说写了。

The old man can hardly walk, still less run.这位老先生险些无法走路,更况且是跑步。78. 主语+动词+the very +名词…… “就是”Garlic is the very thing for preventing colds. 大蒜确实可认预防伤风。This is the very handout I’ve been looking for all week. 这就是我找了一个星期的资料。

79. 主语+动词+all+形容词/名词…… “完全……”此句型可以与thumbsearseyes等表现人的器官的名词连用。如All ears(表现洗耳恭听); all skin and bones(表现瘦成皮包骨)She was all excited. 她很是兴奋。She is all confused now. 她现在完全困惑了。80. 主语+do+动词原形…… “简直……”He really does need a haircut. 他简直该剪头发了。

I did return the book to him.我简直把书还给他了。81. I am… to 动词…… “我很…………”I am afraid to sing in public.我畏惧在公开场合之下唱歌。It was no trouble at all. I was happy to be of help.一点都不贫苦,我很愿意帮助。

82. …come close to +动名词 “险些……。”To 为介词,后面要接动名词,强调某事差点就要发生了。My father was so angry that he came close to hitting my naughty brother.父亲很是生气,以至于差点要打淘气的弟弟。What a call! You had come close to bumping into a cat.好险啊!你差点撞上一只猫。

83. Here comes+主语 “……来了”这是一个倒装句。Here/there 置于句首,引出后面的人或物。当主语为代词时,句型为:here +代词+动词,句子不倒装。

Here comes the bus! 公共汽车来了。Here you are. 你到了。八、虚拟语气的关键句型84. What if +主语+动词…… “如果……的话,会怎么样?”此句型经常用于反语,表现“要是……呢”,或是用来询问对方的意见What if it rains tomorrow.如果明天下雨怎么办?What if he doesn’t agree? 如果他差别意该怎么办呢?85. 主语+ will+动词……if+主语+动词一般现在时…… “如果……那么就会……”If 后面接条件从句,而且动词用一般现在时,表现如果条件从句所形貌的情况会发生的话,那么主句所形貌的情况也会发生。

If I study harder this semester, I will get A’s in every course.如果这学期我用功一点的话,我每一科都可以拿到A。If anyone calls me, please tell them I’ll be back in the office by 5 p.m.如果有人打电话找我,请告诉他们我下午五点前回到办公室。

86. If+主语+动词已往式,I would… “如果……那么就会……”这是假设句型。If从句中的BE动词应用were,主句应用should/would/could/might+动词原形,组成虚拟语气,表现与现在的事实相反。其中if I were you 开头最为常见,通常用在给对方提建议的语境里,意为“如果我是你,如果我站在你的态度”If I were you, I wouldn’t skip the class.如果我是你,我就不会逃课。If you were in my shoes, what would you do? 如果你站在我的态度,你会怎么做?87. If I had +已往分词,I would have… “要是……就……”此句型是对已往情况的一种假设,表现“某人为了已往的错误感应痛恨,如果能重头来过自己将会……”。

If从句用已往完成时,主句则要用would/should/might/could+ have+已往分词。If I had studied more last semester, I would not have failed accounting.我要是上学期能用功一些,会计学就不会不及格了。If I had known you were waiting for a call, I would not have stayed on the phone for so long.要是我早知道你在等电话的话,我就不会一直占用电话了。

88. I wish +主语+动词已往式…… “要是……就……”此句型可以表达两种语气。一是表达在现实情况下,不行能实现的愿望;第二种则表现说话者对已往所发生的事情感应歉仄遗憾。

I wish I were young again. 要是我能再年轻一次该有多好啊。I wish I had a million dollars. 要是我有一百万就好了。89. If +人+should动词…… 主语+动词…… “要是/万一……”If I should win the prize, my partners will share the happiness with me.要是我得了奖,我的同伴们也会和我一起分享这份喜悦。

90. As long as +主语+动词……主语+动词…… “只要……就……。”I can make it as long as I can leave my office by 6.只要我能在六点前脱离办公室,我就能赶到。

91. 祈使句,or/and +从句 “否则……”表现“一定要……。” 后接and 表现会有什么样的效果,接or表现不这样做的效果。Fail to pay and they’ll cut off the electricity supply.你(如果)不付款,他们就要断电。

Turn down the volume or you’ll wake up the baby.小点儿声,否则你会把宝宝吵醒的。92. Without +名词/动名词,主句(主语+动词) “没有……就不能……”We couldn’t survive without water. 如果没有水,我们就无法生存。…no… without +名词 “没有……就没有……”I couldn’t achieve my goal without my mother’s support.没有母亲的支持,我就不能实现我的目的。

You shouldn’t stay in the sauna for more than half an hour without going out to cool down.你在蒸气房待30分钟,就一定要出来让自己降温。(用not 和 without双语否认,表现“每次不能凌驾”)You can’t make bricks without straw.工欲善其事,必先利其器。九、表达否认的关键句型93. I don’t +动词原形……。

“不……。”表现“不(没有)做某事”。

He told me Linda was just a friend, but I don’t believe a word of it!他跟我说琳达只是一个普通朋侪,我一点都不相信他说的话。94. …didn’t +动词原形…… “没有做某事”本句型是已往式的基本否认句。I didn’t do my homework after school so I couldn’t go to the game.放学后我没有写作业,所以不能去看角逐。95. I am not… “不是……”This really isn’t my day.今天真是倒霉的一天。

Thanks for inviting me, but opera really isn’t my cup of tea.谢谢你的邀请,可是我对歌剧没有兴趣。96. Never/Seldom+助动词+主语+动词原形 “险些不……。”Never did I dream that I could go abroad for further studies.想都不敢想我可以出国学习。

Not until a few months later did he tell me what happened.直到几个月后,他才告诉我发生的事。97. There is no +动名词……。“……是不行能的”There is no denying that he is innocent.不行否认,他是无辜的。

There is no telling what will happen in the future.无法预知未来。98. I am no +名词…… “不是……”Cars are no good if they are left in water.车子泡了水就没用了。

Betty wanted to show there were no hard feelings over her not being accepted.贝蒂想体现出她不会因为没有被录取而惆怅。99. I cannot +动词原形…… too… “再……也不为过”You cannot quit smoking too soon.你越早戒烟越好。We cannot emphasize too much the importance of being honest.我们再怎样强调老实的重要性也不为过。

100. …can’t be/动词原形……。“不能……。

”He can’t tolerate laziness.他不能忍受懒散。You can’t be serious.你该不是认真的吧。101. I don’t think… “不认为……”I can’t see any reason why he should give it up.我实在无法明白他为什么要放弃。

I don’t think you will get the job.我认为你不行能争取到这份事情。102. …not +all /both/every… “并非……都……”此句型表现部门否认,是对all/both/every后面的内容举行否认。I failed my driving test because I didn’t keep both hands on the steering wheel.我驾照考试没过,因为我没有把双手都放在偏向盘上。

Sitting at the back of the room, I couldn’t hear every word of her lecture.坐在房间的后面,我没法听清她演讲的每个字。Not every designer has a keen eye for beauty.并不是每一个设计师有锐利的审美眼光。103. …not…neither/nor… “……没有……也没有”以no neither这类否认副词开头的句子,表现“……没有……也没有”时要使用倒装结构。They do not have a TV set, nor do they want one.他们没有电视机,也不想有一台。

You can’t cancel the contract, nor can I.你不能解约,我也不能。Mr. Brown wasn’t at the meeting and neither was his assistant.布朗先生没有来开会,他的助理也没来。

104. Either… or… “要不……就是……”此句型解释为“要不……就是……”。前后必须毗连对等的单词、短语或从句,另外,毗连主语时,动词要随着最近的主语变化而变化,即遵循就近原则。另外,either跟or 也可以合并为一个形容词either-or表现“只能二选一的”It’s an either-or situation. 这是一个二选一的局势。

Either you leave or I call the police.你要是不走,我就报警。Either you or she is the suspect. 嫌疑犯不是你就是她。

105. Neither… nor… “既不是……也不是……”需要注意的是neither 和nor后接的词性必须相同,且动词也要遵循就近原则。In my opinion, neither you nor he was handsome.在我看来,你跟他都不帅。

十、省略重复的关键句型106. ……主语1+动词1+(that/which/whom)+主语2+动词2… “省略关系代词”that/which/whom如果关系代词that/which/whom在从句中作宾语,则可以省略;如果在从句中作主语,则不能省略。关系代词省略与否,取决于基在从句中的作用。Here is the folder (that) you are asking for. 这是你需要的文件夹。

107. 主语+动词… to (省略动词)这是一个省略动词的用法,在含有不定式的句子中,不定式后面的动词与前面泛起的动词相同,可省略不写。He smokes, though the doctor told him not to (smoke).虽然医生要他戒烟,可是他还是吸烟。108. …those who +动词…… “那些……的人”Those who live in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones.住在玻璃屋的人不应丢石头(比喻自己也有缺点就不要去品评别人)109. What we have to do is +动词原形…… “唯一要做的就是……”使用此句型要注意be动词后不接动名词,而是直接接动词。What we need to do is prepare something to eat.我们所需要做的是准备一些吃的。

What you have to do is sign here.你只要在这儿签上名字就好了。十一、对等相关的关键句型110. … and what is more… “而且/更棒的是/更糟的是”The little boy learns quickly, what’s more, he remembers what he learned.这个小男孩学得很快,而且所学的他都记得住。She dances well, what is better, she sings beautiful.她的舞跳得不错,此外,她的歌声也优美。

111. Not only… but also… “不光……而且……”The sweet and sour pork not only smells good but (also) tastes yummy.糖醋排骨这道菜不光闻起香而且味道好吃。He is famous not only for his professionalism but also for his generosity.他着名不仅因为他很专业,还因为他的慷慨。112. Both… and … “既……又……”He both drank and smoked before. 以前他既喝酒又吸烟。113. … as well as… “既……又……”He can speak Japanese as well as Chinese.他会说日语和中文。

114. …in that +从句主语+动词………… “因为……”He didn’t attend the concert in that he caught the flu.他因为得了伤风,没有到场音乐会。115. As soon as 主语+动词……。“一……就……”As soon as the signal was off, she unbuckled her seat belt.信号灯一灭,她就把宁静带解开了。

116. No sooner had+主语+动词…than… “一……就……”No sooner had we set off than it started raining. 我们才出发,就下雨了。117. … so +形容词/副词 that… “如此……以至于……”The pop quiz was so easy that half of the class passed it with flying colors.突击考试很容易,所以一半的同学都拿到了高分。

118. Though/although+主语+分词…… “虽然……”I enjoy playing basketball, though it is tiring.我喜欢打篮球,虽然打篮球很累。119. Even if/even though +主语+动词…… “纵然……”Even if you take a taxi, you’ll still miss your flight.既使你搭出租车,你也赶不上飞机。120. Whether… or… “岂论是……还是……”Whether you stay at home or come with me, I’m going out for a walk.你留在家也好,跟我出去也好,我都要去散步。

He doesn’t know whether to stay or go. 他没措施决议该走还是该留。121. As/so long as主语+动词 “只要……”So long as it does not rain, we can have a picnic.只要不下雨,我们就能去野餐。内容计划:待满足“圈子功效与专栏功效”时,图说英语原创图文与短视频陆续对外开放。

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